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Large intestine polyps are very common, as statistics show that 50% of middle-aged people will have at least one polyp in their life.
Polyps are removed because some of them may develop into colon cancer and, with a few exceptions, colon cancer develops in a polyp area.
Patient preparation for the procedure
The doctor will provide clear instructions for patients to prepare beforehand Colonoscopy. This process aims at emptying the gastrointestinal tract from all solids, so that the colonoscopy inspection is thorough.
Polyp removal during colonoscopy
During the colonoscopy, the gastroenterologist removes the polyps. Then these are examined for cancer, with the help of a microscope.
These procedures are performed with very small instruments, used by the doctor along with the colonoscope (snares).
Polypectomy: The procedure
The special endoscope passes through the intestine lumen and the polyp is excised. The procedure time as well as the potential complications are determined by the size, shape and position of the polyp or polyps.
The most important thing is for patients to realize that polyps, with few exceptions, do not cause any symptoms. Usually, by the time they become symptomatic they have already developed into advanced cancer. For this reason, preventive colonoscopy after a certain age is necessary and life-saving.