Nutrition – Metabolism – Obesity
Obesity is one of the greatest epidemics of modern times. It has major negative consequences for human health, including increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, respiratory problems, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer and is followed by decreased life expectancy.
Diet is the cornerstone of the proper functioning of metabolism and the most important weapon in the fight against obesity. The endocrinologist, always in cooperation with qualified nutritionists, is responsible for formulating a personalized nutritional plan, based on the metabolic profile and comorbidities of each person.
There are three main categories of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats. A proper diet should include all three categories, always maintaining a proper balance:
- 1/2 of the dish should contain vegetables and fruits, of different kinds and rich in fiber, which are characterized by slow absorption.
- 1/4 of the dish should contain carbohydrates (rice, potatoes, bread), preferably from whole grain products.
- The remaining 1/4 of the dish should contain protein (fish, chicken or turkey without skin, lean red meat, legumes).
Three main meals and 2-3 intermediate should be present in their daily diet, while the total daily carbohydrate intake should be divided at all meals.
IMAGE – HEALTHY DIET
• Small and frequent meals, dividing carbohydrates during the whole day.
• Choose a healthy cooking mode.
• Consume a variety of foods, always keeping balance by eating fruit and vegetables every day.
• Avoid sugary drinks and limit alcohol.
• Maintain normal body weight.